Experimental pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis in the Syrian hamster: morphology and correlation of lesions with the immune response.

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1987-10-01

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A model for pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis in the hamster is described. The disease was induced by intratracheal inoculation of 1.7 x 10(5) viable yeast forms of P. brasiliensis. Lung histopathology, dissemination lesions and humoral and cellular immune responses were investigated at intervals up to 24 weeks after infection. Humoral immunity was studied by immunodiffusion and complement fixation tests. Cell-mediated immunity was evaluated in vitro by the macrophage migration inhibition test in the presence of phytohaemagglutinin and P. brasiliensis soluble antigen, and in vivo by the paracoccidioidin test. Thirty out of 35 infected animals (85.7%) developed pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis. Dissemination lesions were observed in regional lymph nodes (82.8%), liver (8.5%) and spleen (5.7%). Lung involvement was mainly around bronchi and vessels. Regional lymph nodes were severely involved from the fourth week on, acquiring a pseudotumoral aspect at later stages. Specific antibodies were detected from the fourth week on, with titres increasing progressively. The cellular immune response to phytohaemagglutinin was intact throughout the experiment and the response to P. brasiliensis antigen was already detectable by the second week and remained positive to the end of the experiment. The skin test became positive from the fourth week on. Inoculation by the intratracheal route represents a highly effective way of infecting hamsters with P. brasiliensis, with the induction of localized disease, good antibody production and intact cell immunity.

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fungus antibody, animal, cellular immunity, disease model, granuloma, hamster, immunology, leukocyte migration inhibition test, lung mycosis, lymph node, male, Paracoccidioides, pathology, skin test, South American blastomycosis, Animal, Antibodies, Fungal, Cell Migration Inhibition, Disease Models, Animal, Granuloma, Hamsters, Immunity, Cellular, Lung Diseases, Fungal, Lymph Nodes, Male, Mesocricetus, Paracoccidioidomycosis, Skin Tests, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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Journal of Medical and Veterinary Mycology, v. 25, n. 5, p. 291-300, 1987.