In-season internal and external workload variations between starters and non-starters—a case study of a top elite european soccer team

dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorVieira, Luiz H. Palucci [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorMartins, Alexandre
dc.contributor.authorBrito, João Paulo
dc.contributor.authorNalha, Matilde
dc.contributor.authorMendes, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorClemente, Filipe Manuel
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Santarém
dc.contributor.institutionLife Quality Research Centre
dc.contributor.institutionHealth Sciences and Human Development
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Lisboa
dc.contributor.institutionRua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares
dc.contributor.institutionDelegação da Covilhã
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-28T19:41:07Z
dc.date.available2022-04-28T19:41:07Z
dc.date.issued2021-07-01
dc.description.abstractBackground and Objectives: Interpretation of the load variations across a period seems important to control the weekly progression or variation of the load, or to identify in-micro-and mesocycle variations. Thus, the aims of this study were twofold: (a) to describe the in-season variations of training monotony, training strain and acute:chronic workload ratio (ACWR) through session ratings of perceived exertion (s-RPE), total distance and high-speed running (HSR); and (b) to compare those variations between starters and non-starters. Materials and Methods: Seventeen professional players from a European First League team participated in this study. They were divided in two groups: starters (n = 9) and non-starters (n = 8). The players were monitored daily over a 41-week period of competition where 52 matches occurred during the 2015–2016 in-season. Through the collection of s-RPE, total distance and HSR, training monotony, training strain and ACWR were calculated for each measure, respectively. Data were analyzed across ten mesocycles (M: 1 to 10). Repeated measures ANOVA was used with the Bonferroni post hoc test to compare M and player status. Results: The results revealed no differences between starters vs. non-starters (p > 0.05). M6 had a greater number of matches and displayed higher values for monotony (s-RPE, total distance and HSR), strain (only for total distance) and ACWR (s-RPE, TD and HSR). However, the variation patterns for all indexes displayed some differences. Conclusions: The values of both starters and non-starters showed small differences, thus suggesting that the adjustments of training workloads that had been applied over the season helped to reduce differences according to the player status. Even so, there were some variations over the season (microcycles and mesocycles) for the whole team. This study could be used as a reference for future coaches, staff and scientists.en
dc.description.affiliationSports Science School of Rio Maior–Polytechnic Institute of Santarém
dc.description.affiliationLife Quality Research Centre
dc.description.affiliationResearch Center in Sport Sciences Health Sciences and Human Development, Quinta de Prados, Edifício Ciências de Desporto
dc.description.affiliationMOVI-LAB Human Movement Research Laboratory Physical Education Department School of Sciences UNESP São Paulo State University
dc.description.affiliationFalculty of Human Kinetics University of Lisboa
dc.description.affiliationEscola Superior Desporto e Lazer Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares
dc.description.affiliationInstituto de Telecomunicações Delegação da Covilhã
dc.description.affiliationUnespMOVI-LAB Human Movement Research Laboratory Physical Education Department School of Sciences UNESP São Paulo State University
dc.description.sponsorshipFundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
dc.description.sponsorshipIdFundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia: UIDP/04748/2020
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina57070645
dc.identifier.citationMedicina (Lithuania), v. 57, n. 7, 2021.
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/medicina57070645
dc.identifier.issn1648-9144
dc.identifier.issn1010-660X
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85109137771
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/221897
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofMedicina (Lithuania)
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectAcute/chronic workload ratio
dc.subjectHigh-speed running
dc.subjectIn-season
dc.subjectNon-starters
dc.subjectRPE
dc.subjectSoccer
dc.subjectStarters
dc.subjectTraining monotony
dc.subjectTraining strain
dc.titleIn-season internal and external workload variations between starters and non-starters—a case study of a top elite european soccer teamen
dc.typeArtigo

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