On the use of parallel full-order state observers for damage detection in mechanical systems

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According to the literature, structural health monitoring techniques based on state observers usually evaluate the differences between measured and estimated states to detect a damage. The practical application of this strategy is an unfeasible solution if the monitoring system needs to detect damages in a region of the structure where sensors cannot be placed. For these cases, a common alternative is to use sensors at nearby regions, but the accuracy of detection can be reduced. In this context, the present article introduces a new approach for damage detection in mechanical systems using the relative difference obtained from the estimations of a state measured by two different sensors. In this method, the estimated state is obtained by sensors in different positions from the one that needs to be monitored. To do so, parallel full-order state observers are employed and an optimal gain is computed. An index is proposed to detect the damages, which is time-dependent and computed using the responses of the systems. Numerical simulations are carried out considering two different mechanical systems. Linear and nonlinear damages are considered, and the results demonstrate that the proposed approach can detect damages accurately.



Damage detection index, Difference between two estimated states, Parallel state observers, Simultaneous structural health monitoring, Vibration control

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Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, v. 43, n. 12, 2021.