Heterocyclic N-oxides -A promising class of agents against tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases

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Heterocyclic N-oxides have emerged as promising agents against a number of diseases and disorders, especially infectious diseases. This review analyzes the emergence and development of this scaffold in the medicinal chemistry, focusing mainly on the discovery of new heterocyclic N-oxide compounds with potent activity against tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases (i.e. leishmaniasis and Chagas disease). A number of heterocyclic N-oxides are described herein, nevertheless, the following chemical classes deserve to be highlighted due to a large number of reports in the literature about their promising pharmacological effects: furoxan, benzofuroxan, quinoxaline 1,4-di-N-oxide, indolone N-oxide and benzimidazole N-oxide. In order to describe those most promising compounds, we included in this review only those most biologically active heterocyclic Noxide published since 2000.



Chagas disease, Drug discovery, Heterocyclic N-oxides, Leishmaniasis, Malaria, N-oxide compounds, Neglected tropical diseases, Tuberculosis

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Current Pharmaceutical Design, v. 24, n. 12, p. 1325-1340, 2018.