Preliminary studies on the use of sugar cane bagasse ash (SCBA) in the manufacture of alkali activated binders

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Castaldelli, V. N. [UNESP]
Tashima, M. M.
Melges, J. L. [UNESP]
Akasaki, J. L. [UNESP]
Monzó, J.
Borrachero, M. V.
Soriano, L.
Payá, J.

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Alkali activated binders require the addition of a mineral-rich amorphous silica and alumina. This paper proposes the use of a mineral residue from the burning of sugar cane bagasse. The alkali activated mixtures were prepared containing binary mixtures of sugar cane bagasse ash (SCBA) and other mineral admixtures: fly ash (FA) or blast furnace slag (BFS). As alkaline activators, mixtures of alkali (Na+ or K+) hydroxide and alkali (Na+ or K+) silicate were used. Alkali-activated pastes and mortars containing binary systems SCBA/FA or SCBA/BFS were prepared and cured at 65 °C. Microstructural properties of these alternative binders were assessed by means of TGA, SEM, XRD and pH measurements. Mechanical strength of mortars was performed after 3 and 7 days at 65 °C. Compressive mechanical strengths of these mortars were in the range 30-55 MPa, showing the good mechanical performance achieved by the alkali activation. Microstructural studies suggested the development of stable matrices and the formation of typical gel. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.



Alkali activation, Mechanical strength, Microstructure, Sugar cane bagasse ash (SCBA)

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Key Engineering Materials, v. 600, p. 689-698.