Exercise motives among university students – A Brazil-Portugal transnational study

dc.contributor.authorCampos, Lucas Arrais [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authordos Santos, Adrielly [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorSampaio, Mafalda Margarida Basto
dc.contributor.authorMarôco, João
dc.contributor.authorCampos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini [UNESP]
dc.contributor.institutionTampere University
dc.contributor.institutionTampere University Hospital
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
dc.contributor.institutionand Life Sciences (ISPA)
dc.date.accessioned2023-07-29T13:30:30Z
dc.date.available2023-07-29T13:30:30Z
dc.date.issued2022-11-14
dc.description.abstractBackground: Identifying the motives why people exercise is interesting for the planning of effective health promoting strategies. Objectives: To estimate the psychometric properties of the exercise motivations inventory (EMI-2) in Brazilian and Portuguese university students, and to compare motive-related factors for exercise among students. Methods: One thousand Brazilian (randomly splitted into “Test sample” [n = 498] and “Validation sample” [n = 502]) and 319 Portuguese students participated in this cross-sectional study. Motives for exercise were evaluated using EMI-2. Exploratory factor analysis was performed in the test sample. Then, confirmatory factor analysis was performed in the validation and Portuguese samples. The EMI-2 scores were compared according to sex, exercise, and weight status (ANOVA, α = 5%). Results: EMI-2 factor model was explained by 5 factors and presented adequate fit (χ2/df ≤ 3.2; CFI ≥ 0.9; TLI ≥ 0.9; RMSEA ≤ 0.07; and α ≥ 0.83). The motives for exercising were mainly related to psychological and interpersonal factors for men, health-related factors for women, and body-related factors for overweight and obese individuals. People who practice exercise had higher EMI-2 scores. Conclusion: The 5-factor model is suggested for a comprehensive assessment of motives for exercise. Individual characteristics should be considered for development of tailored protocols.en
dc.description.affiliationFaculty of Medicine and Health Technology Tampere University
dc.description.affiliationTampere University Hospital
dc.description.affiliationDepartment of Morphology and Children’s Clinic School of Dentistry São Paulo State University (UNESP)
dc.description.affiliationDepartment of Biological Sciences School of Pharmaceutical Sciences São Paulo State University (UNESP)
dc.description.affiliationWilliam James Center for Research (WJCR) University Institute of Psychological Social and Life Sciences (ISPA)
dc.description.affiliationUnespDepartment of Morphology and Children’s Clinic School of Dentistry São Paulo State University (UNESP)
dc.description.affiliationUnespDepartment of Biological Sciences School of Pharmaceutical Sciences São Paulo State University (UNESP)
dc.description.sponsorshipFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1009762
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Psychology, v. 13.
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1009762
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85142750235
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/247955
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Psychology
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectexercise
dc.subjectmotivation
dc.subjectpsychometrics
dc.subjectuniversity students
dc.subjectvalidation study
dc.titleExercise motives among university students – A Brazil-Portugal transnational studyen
dc.typeArtigo

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