Caries diagnosis in dental practices: Results from dentists in a Brazilian community

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Da Silva Tagliaferro, Elaine Pereira [UNESP]
Valsecki, Aylton [UNESP]
Rosell, Fernanda Lopez [UNESP]
Correa da Silva, Silvio Rocha [UNESP]
Riley, Joseph L.
Gilbert, Gregg H.
Gordan, Valeria Veiga

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The aim of this study was to assess practices related to diagnosis of dental caries among dentists (n=217) from Araraquara, São Paulo State, Brazil. Data on sociodemographic information and practitioner characteristics were collected using a pretested questionnaire, and data on practices related to caries diagnosis were gathered by using a translated and culturally adapted questionnaire from the US National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. Descriptive statistics and regression analyses were used for data analysis. Respondents reported using in most of their patients radiographs (Rx) to diagnose proximal caries (59%), explorer (Ex) for the diagnosis of occlusal caries (64%) and on the margins of existing restorations (79%), as well as air jet (AJ) with drying (92%). Magnification (M) (25%), fiber optic transillumination (FOTI; 14%), and laser fluorescence (LF) (3%) were used in the minority of patients. Regression analysis revealed that the following dentists’ characteristics were significantly associated (p,0.05) with the use of diagnostic methods on a greater percentage of their patients: advanced degree (Rx, FOTI), higher percentage of patients with individu-



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Operative Dentistry, v. 44, n. 1, p. E23-E31, 2019.