Qualitative and Quantitative Determination and Resistance Patterns of Salmonella from Poultry Carcasses

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Yamatogi, R. S. [UNESP]
Oliveira, H. C. [UNESP]
Possebon, F. S. [UNESP]
Pantoja, J. C. F. [UNESP]
Joaquim, J. G. F.
Pinto, J. P. A. N. [UNESP]
Araujo, J. P. [UNESP]

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Int Assoc Food Protection


Poultry products are important in the transmission of zoonotic pathogens, mainly Salmonella. This genus causes millions of foodborne diseases worldwide every year. Cross-contamination by food sources in human cases of salmonellosis and the increase in resistant strains have become important issues. A qualitative and quantitative Salmonella detection method was utilized in a poultry slaughterhouse in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. We collected 33 samples from different batches of carcasses. Each sample was analyzed at three process points: postbleeding, postdefeathering, and postchilling A fourth point, retail simulation, was added to simulate retail market storage at 5 degrees C for 72 h. The qualitative methods revealed 100% (33 samples) contamination at postbleeding, 39% (13 samples) contamination at postdefeathering, 58% (19 samples) contamination at postchilling, and 30% (10 samples) contamination at the retail simulation. The quantitative results, determined by the most-probable-number (MPN) technique, ranged from <0.03 to >2,400 MPN/g. We identified 23 Salmonella serovars; the most prevalent were Mbandaka, Senftenberg, and Enteritidis. Resistance to nalidixic acid was significantly more common (P < 0.05) than resistance to other antimicrobial agents. Five multidrug-resistant strains were identified. This study contributes important epidemiological data and demonstrates the need to improve sanitary conditions in slaughterhouses.



Antimicrobial agents, Contamination, Multidrug resistance, Most probable number, Poultry, Salmonella

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Journal Of Food Protection. Des Moines: Int Assoc Food Protection, v. 79, n. 6, p. 950-955, 2016.