Exploring the binding mechanism of Guaijaverin to human serum albumin: Fluorescence spectroscopy and computational approach

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Caruso, Icaro P. [UNESP]
Vilegas, Wagner [UNESP]
Fossey, Marcelo Andrés [UNESP]
Cornelio, Marinonio L. [UNESP]

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Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd


The Guaijaverin (Gua) is a polyphenolic substance which exhibits some pharmacological activities such as antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Here we have investigated the binding of Gua with human serum albumin (HSA) at physiological pH 7.0. In this study, the fluorescence spectroscopy, ab initio and molecular modeling calculations were applied. The Stern-Volmer quenching constant (K-SV) and its modified form (K-a) were calculated at 298, 303 and 308 K, with the corresponding thermodynamic parameters Delta H, Delta G and Delta S as well. The fluorescence quenching method was used to determine the number of binding sites (n) and binding constants (K-b) values at 298, 303 and 308 K. The distance between donor (HSA) and acceptor (Gua) was estimated according to fluorescence resonance energy transfer. The geometry optimization of Gua was performed in its ground state by using ab initio DFT/B3LYP functional with a 6-31G(d,p) basis set used in calculations. Molecular modeling calculation indicated that the Gua is located within the hydrophobic pocket of the subdomain IIA of HSA. The theoretical results obtained by molecular modeling were corroborated by fluorescence spectroscopy data. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



Guaijaverin, Human serum albumin, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Ab initio, Molecular modeling

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Spectrochimica Acta Part A-molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd, v. 97, p. 449-455, 2012.