Effect of progesterone concentrations, follicle diameter, timing of artificial insemination, and ovulatory stimulus on pregnancy rate to synchronized artificial insemination in postpubertal Nellore heifers

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Martins, T. [UNESP]
Peres, R. F. G. [UNESP]
Rodrigues, A. D. P. [UNESP]
Pohler, K. G.
Pereira, M. H. C. [UNESP]
Day, M. L.
Vasconcelos, José Luiz Moraes [UNESP]

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Elsevier B.V.


Two experiments were designed to evaluate the effects of treatments with low versus high serum progesterone (P-4) concentrations on factors associated with pregnancy success in postpubertal Nellore heifers submitted to either conventional or fixed timed artificial insemination (FTAI). Heifers were synchronized with a new controlled internal drug release device (CIDR; 1.9 g of P-4 [CIDR1]) or a CIDR previously used for 18 days (CIDR3) plus 2 mg of estradiol (E-2) benzoate on Day 0 and 12.5 mg of prostaglandin F-2 alpha on Day 7. In experiment 1 (n = 723), CIDR were removed on Day 7 or 9 and heifers were inseminated after estrus detection. In experiment 2 (n = 1083), CIDR were all removed on Day 9 and FTAI was performed either 48 hours later in heifers that received E-2 cypionate (ECP) on Day 9 (0.5 mg; E48) or 54 or 72 hours later in conjunction with administration of GnRH (100 mu g; G54 or G72). Synchronization with CIDR1 resulted in greater serum P-4 concentrations and smaller follicle diameters on Days 7 and 9 in both experiments. In experiment 1, treatment with CIDR for 9 days decreased the interval from CIDR removal to estrus (Day 7, 3.76 +/- 0.08 days vs. Day 9, 2.90 +/- 0.07; P < 0.01) and improved conception (Day 7, 57.1% vs. Day 9, 65.8%; P = 0.05) and pregnancy rates (Day 7, 37.6% vs. Day 9, 453%; P = 0.04). In experiment 2, treatment with ECP improved (P < 0.01) the proportion of heifers in estrus (E48, 40.9%(a); G54, 17.1%(c); and G72, 32.0%(b)), but the pregnancy rate was not affected (P = 0.64) by treatments (E48, 38.8%; G54, 35.5%; G72, 37.5%). Synchronization with CIDR3 increased follicle diameter at FTAI (CIDR1, 11.07 +/- 0.10 vs. CIDR3, 11.61 +/- 0.10 mm; P < 0.01), ovulation rate (CIDR1, 82.8% vs. CIDR3, 88.0%; P < 0.01) and did not affect conception (CIDR1, 42.2 vs. CIDR3, 45.1%; P = 038) or pregnancy rates (CIDR1, 34.7 vs. CIDR3, 39.4%; P = 0.11). In conclusion, length of treatment with P-4 affected the fertility of heifers bred based on estrus detection. When the heifers were submitted to FTAI protocol, follicle diameter at FTAI (<= 10.7 mm, 23.6%; 10.8-15.7 mm, 51.5%; >= 15.8 mm, 30.0%; P < 0.01) was the main factor that affected conception and pregnancy rates. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.



Progesterone, Proestrus, ECP, GnRH, Nellore heifers

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Theriogenology. New York: Elsevier Science Inc, v. 81, n. 3, p. 446-453, 2014.