Olfactory reference syndrome: a still open nosological and treatment debate

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2014-11-01

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Elsevier B.V.

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Objective: The objective was to report a case of olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) with several co-occurring disorders and to discuss ORS differential diagnoses, diagnostic criteria and classification.Method: Case report.Results: A 37-year-old married woman presented overvalued ideas of having bad breath since adolescence. Shemet current diagnostic criteria for social anxiety disorder, specific phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, body dysmorphic disorder and major depressive disorder. ORS similarities and differences with some related disorders are discussed.Conclusion: Further studies regarding symptoms, biomarkers and outcomes are needed to fully disentangle ORS from existing depressive, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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General Hospital Psychiatry. New York: Elsevier Science Inc, v. 36, n. 6, 3 p., 2014.

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