Exigência protéica e relação energia/proteína para alevinos de piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus)

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Sá, Marcelo Vinícius Do Carmo E [UNESP]
Fracalossi, Débora Machado [UNESP]

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The aim of this study was to determine the dietary protein requirement and associated energy to protein (E/P) ratio for Piracanjuba, Brycon orbignyanus, fingerlings. Casein-gelatin semipurified diets were formulated to contain six crude protein (CP) concentrations: 24, 26, 29, 32, 36 e 42% at one energy level, 3,000 kcal metabolizable energy (ME)/kg. These diets resulted in E/P ratios of 12.3, 11.6, 10.4, 9.2, 8.5 and 7.1 kcal ME/g CP, respectively. The protein, lipid and digestible carbohydrate sources were casein/gelatin, cod liver oil/soybean oil and dextrin, respectively. After an initial 5-day conditioning period, each experimental diet was fed to satiation, twice a day, to 8.38 ± 0.09 g piracanjuba fingerlings (n = 27), housed in eighteen 100-L fiberglass tanks connected to a water recirculating system, and kept at 26.3°C average water temperature (range: 23.7 to 30.2°C). After 90 days, the lowest dietary CP level that produced maximum fish weight gain was 29% CP with associated E/P ratio of 10.4 kcal ME/g CP. Higher dietary CP levels, i.e., 32, 36 and 42% did not improve 29% CP feed conversion, protein efficiency ratio, apparent net protein utilization and gross energy retained. Whole-body fish composition (total lipid and protein concentration) was not affected by the dietary CP level.



Brycon orbignyanus, Energy to protein ratio, Piracanjuba, Protein requirement

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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, v. 31, n. 1, p. 1-10, 2002.