Knowledge on adjuvant properties, disposal of pesticideresidues and spray drift occurrence in the state of mato grosso

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Carvalho, Fernando K. [UNESP]
Antuniassi, Ulisses R. [UNESP]
Mota, Alisson A.B. [UNESP]
Chechetto, Rodolfo G. [UNESP]
De Carvalho, Lídia R. [UNESP]

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This paper aimed at investigating the knowledge level of people working on pesticide spraying activities concerning spray adjuvant properties, as well as collecting information on disposal locations for residues from internal spray tank cleaning, and finally the understanding of pesticide spray drift occurrence in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The information was gathered through a questionnaire answered by participants of a rural extension program in application technology located in nineteen grain and fiber producing regions of Mato Grosso state. Among the mentioned adjuvants, 49.0% belonged to the mineral oil class and 17.9% of participants did not know the functions performed by such products. In addition, 58.5% of the participants discarded residues into the field. Among the participants who answered the question about spray drift occurrence causes, 54.1% indicated problems relating to inadequate weather conditions. In conclusion, there is a lack of knowledge on adjuvant functions, besides of inappropriate residue disposal in the state of Mato Grosso. Spray drift was referred as a problem; however, most of participants were not able to discuss the causes of these losses.



Application technology, Environmental safety, Pesticides, Spraying

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Engenharia Agricola, v. 36, n. 2, p. 352-360, 2016.