Mechanism of anticlastogenicity of Agaricus blazei Murill mushroom organic extracts in wild type CHO (K-1) and repair deficient (xrs5) cells by chromosome aberration and sister chromatid exchange assays

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2003-07-25

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Elsevier B.V.

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Agaricus blazei Murill is a medicinal mushroom native to Brazil. The present work assessed the clastogenic and anticlastogenic potential of organic extracts (ethanol and chloroform/methanol) from the lineage AB97/11 in chinese hamster CHO-K-1 (wild type) and CHO-xrs5 (repair deficient) cells using the chromosome aberration (CA) and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) assays. In these experimental conditions were observed: (a) anticlastogenic effect at concentrations of 0.06 and 0.09% of the EtOH extract and at the 0.03 and 0.06% concentrations of the C/MetOH extract in CHO-K-1; (b) absence of protector effect on CHO-xrs5 cells; and (c) absence of protector effect in the SCE assay. These results indicate that organic extracts of A. blazei lineage AB97/11 present bio-antimutagenic type protective activity. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. B.V. All rights reserved.

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Mutation Research-fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 528, n. 1-2, p. 75-79, 2003.

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