Diversity of iron cave-dwelling mygalomorph spiders from Para, Brazil, with description of three new species (Araneae)

dc.contributor.authorFonseca-Ferreira, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorZampaulo, Robson de Almeida
dc.contributor.authorLeite Guadanucci, Jose Paulo [UNESP]
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar)
dc.contributor.institutionVale SA
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-26T17:41:57Z
dc.date.available2018-11-26T17:41:57Z
dc.date.issued2017-01-01
dc.description.abstractMygalomorph spiders are rarely found in caves and most of the records appear as accidental or restricted to small populations. The present study took place in iron formations in Carajas region, southeastern Para state, eastern Brazilian Amazon rainforest. Each cave was sampled twice: dry season (from May to October) and wet season (from November to April). Of the 242 caves sampled, we found mygalomorphs in 98 (40%). The survey yielded 254 specimens, 223 (87.8%) juveniles. Of the 14 species recorded, nine were represented by adults: Dolichothele tucuruiense (Guadanucci, 2007), Hapalopus aymara Perdomo, Panzera & Perez-Miles, 2009, Acanthoscurria geniculata (CL Koch, 1841), Theraphosa blondi (Latreille, 1804), Nhandu coloratovillosus (Schmidt, 1998), Fufius minusculus Ortega, Nagahama, Motta & Bertani, 2013, and three new are species described here: Guyruita metallophila n. sp., Hapalopus serrapelada n. sp., and Idiops carajas n. sp. Five other morphospecies were represented by juveniles only: Ummidia sp. (Ctenizidae), Paratropis sp. (Paratropididae), Bolostromus sp. (Cyrtaucheniidae), Diplura sp. (Dipluridae), and Idiophtalma sp. (Barychelidae). The high number of juveniles suggests two alternatives: some species could be using the hypogean environment as reproductive shelter; the hypogean environment is used as a refuge by immatures. Two species appear to be troglophiles: G. metallophila and H. aymara.en
dc.description.affiliationUniv Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Posgrad Biol Comparada, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUniv Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Ecol & Biol Evolut, Lab Estudos Subterraneos, Via Washington Luiz Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationVale SA, Gerencia Licenciamento Ambiental & Espeleol, Ave Doutor Marco Paulo Simon Jardim, BR-34006200 Nova Lima, MG, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUniv Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Ave 24A 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnespUniv Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Ave 24A 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP, Brazil
dc.format.extent178-199
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03946975.2017.1367590
dc.identifier.citationTropical Zoology. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 30, n. 4, p. 178-199, 2017.
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/03946975.2017.1367590
dc.identifier.fileWOS000413626600004.pdf
dc.identifier.issn0394-6975
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/163418
dc.identifier.wosWOS:000413626600004
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Ltd
dc.relation.ispartofTropical Zoology
dc.relation.ispartofsjr0,267
dc.rights.accessRightsAcesso aberto
dc.sourceWeb of Science
dc.subjectarachnids
dc.subjectcanga
dc.subjectcaves
dc.subjectconservation
dc.subjecttaxonomy
dc.titleDiversity of iron cave-dwelling mygalomorph spiders from Para, Brazil, with description of three new species (Araneae)en
dc.typeArtigo
dcterms.licensehttp://journalauthors.tandf.co.uk/permissions/reusingOwnWork.asp
dcterms.rightsHolderTaylor & Francis Ltd

Arquivos

Pacote Original
Agora exibindo 1 - 1 de 1
Carregando...
Imagem de Miniatura
Nome:
WOS000413626600004.pdf
Tamanho:
3.24 MB
Formato:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Descrição: