Tethered Swimming for the Evaluation and Prescription of Resistance Training in Young Swimmers

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Papoti, Marcelo
Silva, Adelino S. R. da
Kalva-Filho, Carlos Augusto
Araujo, Gustavo Gomes
Santiago, Vanessa [UNESP]
Barreto Martins, Luiz Eduardo
Cunha, Sergio Augusto
Gobatto, Claudio Alexandre
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Georg Thieme Verlag Kg
The aims of the present study were 1) to evaluate the effects of 11 weeks of a typical free-swimming training program on aerobic and stroke parameters determined in tethered swimming (Study 1; n = 13) and 2) to investigate the responses of tethered swimming efforts, in addition to free-swimming sessions, through 7 weeks of training (Study 2; n = 21). In both studies, subjects performed a graded exercise test in tethered swimming (GET) to determine anaerobic threshold (AnT), stroke rate at AnT (SRAnT), peak force at GET (PFGET) and peak blood lactate ([La-](GET)). Participants also swam 100-, 200- and 400-m lengths to evaluate performance. In Study 2, swimmers were divided into control (i.e., only free-swimming; GC [n = 11]) and tethered swimming group (i.e., 50 % of the main session; G(TS) [n = 10]). The results of Study 1 demonstrate that AnT, PFGET, [La-](GET) and 200-m performance were improved with free-swimming training. The SRAnT decreased with training. In Study 2, free-swimming performance and most of the graded exercise test parameters were not altered in either group. However, [La-](GET) improved only for G(TS). These results demonstrate that aerobic parameters obtained in tethered swimming can be used to evaluate free-swimming training responses, and the addition of tethered efforts during training routine improves the lactate production capacity of swimmers.
blood lactate, anaerobic threshold, graded exercise test, performance, swimmers
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International Journal Of Sports Medicine. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag Kg, v. 38, n. 2, p. 125-133, 2017.