Clopidogrel enhances periodontal repair in rats through decreased inflammation
MetadataShow full item record
Aim: We hypothesized that platelet inactivation induced by drugs might interfere with periodontal repair in experimental periodontitis by suppressing the release of biological mediators from platelets at the site of injury.Material and MethodsSixty rats were randomly assigned to six groups (n=10) and ligatures were placed around lower first molars of three groups. The other three groups were used as negative controls. Ligatures were removed after 10days of periodontitis induction and all groups were submitted to treatment with aspirin (Asp) (30mg/kg), clopidogrel (Clop) (75mg/kg) or NaCl 0.9% intra-gastrically once daily for 3days. Periodontal tissue was assessed by the measurement of CXCL12, CXCL4, CCL5 and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; histomorphometrical analysis of polymorphonuclear (PMN) infiltration, attachment loss, bone loss and osteoclast numbers and quantification of blood vessels by imunnohistochemistry.ResultsDuring periodontal repair and treatment with NaCl 0.9%, CCL5 was decreased and CXCL12 increased when compared with negative control groups. Asp and Clop did not affect CCL5 expression, decreased CXCL12 but only Clop decreased CXCL4 and PDGF content compared with saline-treated animals. Clop increased blood vessel number, reduced PMN count and decreased attachment and bone loss, also decreased osteoclast number in animals submitted or not to periodontal repair.Conclusion: Systemic administration of Clop for 3days improved the repair process associated with experimental periodontal disease, suggesting that it may have therapeutic value under situations where tissues undergo a transition from inflammation to repair.