Ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy analysis of carbonyl groups present after different bleaching stages for various bleach sequences
Data de publicação2019-02-01
Direito de acesso
MetadadosExibir registro completo
Different bleaching reagents have different efficiencies of removing chromophore groups from chemical pulps. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different bleaching sequences on the removal of chromophore groups, especially carbonyls, which are suspected to cause brightness reversion. The bleaching sequences analyzed comprise the stages: chlorine dioxide, acid hydrolysis at high temperature, alkaline extraction with hydrogen peroxide, pressurized hydrogen peroxide, and hydrogen peroxide. After bleaching an oxygen-delignified eucalypt kraft pulp with these sequences, the pulps were analyzed for their final brightness, brightness reversion, and pulp viscosity; the bleached pulps were also analyzed using ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy in the infrared region. The infrared analysis indicated that bleaching stages that used hydrogen peroxide, such as pressurized hydrogen peroxide or hydrogen peroxide, in the terminal position reduced the amount of carbonyl groups in the bleached pulp as measured by the absorption band intensity. This study observed that the inclusion of a hot acid hydrolysis stage in the bleach sequence improved the final brightness and brightness stability of the bleached eucalyptus pulp. The replacement of a chlorine dioxide brightening stage by a hydrogen peroxide stage at the end of a bleach sequence yielded higher pulp brightness, and less brightness reversion. The use of pressurized hydrogen peroxide with oxygen resulted in less brightness reversion.
Como citar este documento
Este item aparece nas seguintes coleções
Exibindo os itens relacionados pelo título, autor e palavra-chave.
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]