Morphology and development of anthers and ovules in Croton and Astraea (Euphorbiaceae)
MetadataShow full item record
We examined the embryological development of anthers and ovules from Astraea (A. lobata and A. praetervisa) and Croton (C. floribundus, C. fuscescens, C. glandulosus, C. lundianus, C. piptocalyx, C. urucurana and C. triqueter) focusing on features with systematic significance for the group. Some of these features are common in Euphorbiaceae including: a dicotyledonous type of anther wall formation, a secretory tapetum, a mixed origin of the outer ovule integument, an epidermal origin of the inner ovule integument, the occurrence of many archesporial cells inside the ovules and a megagametophyte of the Polygonum-type. Other features, such as the presence of styloid crystals in the tapetum, an idioblast with a druse in the endothecium, simultaneous and successive microsporogenesis, and a functional micropylar megaspore, have not previously been reported in the family. These characters appear to distinguish Croton and Astraea from other Euphorbiaceae and possibly represents autapomorphies for the tribe Crotoneae.