A self-bound matter-wave boson-fermion quantum ball

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Adhikari, S. K. [UNESP]

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We demonstrate the possibility of creating a self-bound stable three-dimensional matter-wave spherical boson-fermion quantum ball in the presence of an attractive boson-fermion interaction and a small repulsive three-boson interaction. The two-boson interaction could be attractive or repulsive whereas the fermions are taken to be in a fully-paired super-fluid state in the Bardeen-Cooper-Schreifer (quasi-noninteracting weak-coupling) limit. We also include the Lee-Huang-Yang (LHY) correction to a repulsive bosonic interaction term. The repulsive three-boson interaction and the LHY correction can stop a global collapse while acting jointly or separately. The present study is based on a mean-field model, where the bosons are subject to a Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) Lagrangian functional and the fully-paired fermions are described by a Galilean-invariant density functional Lagrangian. The boson-fermion interaction is taken to be the mean-field Hartree interaction, quite similar to the interaction term in the GP equation. The study is illustrated by a variational and a numerical solution of the mean-field model for the boson-fermion 7Li-6Li system.



Bose-Einstein condensate, soliton, superfluid fermion

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Laser Physics Letters, v. 15, n. 9, 2018.