Role of acidic and basic electrolytes on the structure and morphology of cathodically reduced indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates

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Spada, E. R.
De Paula, F. R. [UNESP]
Plá Cid, C. C.
Candiotto, G.
Faria, R. M.
Sartorelli, M. L.

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In this report we track the structural changes suffered by ITO along galvanostatic polarization at different current densities by X-ray diffraction and SEM micrographs. The XRD shown that cathodic treatment induces structural change in ITO, characterized by appearing peaks set distinct from ITO original structure associated to metallic phase of the solid solution of In-Sn. It is interesting to note that although the different ions present in the solution are not, at least to a noticeable degree, incorporated in the metallic phase, the SEM images show that they do influence its formation, pointing to some type of adsorptive mechanism of the inert ions during the lateral diffusion of the metallic ions. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



Cathodic polarization, Electrochemical stability, Irreversible structural changes, ITO, Electrochemical stabilities, Galvanostatic polarization, Indium tin oxide substrates, Lateral diffusion, Original structures, Structure and morphology, Tin, X ray diffraction, Ions

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Electrochimica Acta, v. 108, p. 520-524.