Multi-responses Methodology Applied in the Electroanalytical Determination of Hair Dye by Using Printed Carbon Electrode Modified with Graphene

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2016-05-01

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This paper describes a rapid and sensitive method for determination of the hair dye Basic Blue 41 in wastewater samples using screen-printed carbon electrodes modified with graphene (SPCE/Gr). The method is based on the reversible reduction of azo groups of the dye at potential of -0.23V/-0.26V, where both the anodic and cathodic currents increased 1,300% when compared to screen-printed carbon (SPCE) and glassy carbon electrodes (GCE). The optimization of a square wave voltammetric method was performed by means of 23 factorial design, Doehlert matrix and multi-response assays, and the best parameters were: frequency (54.8Hz), step potential (6mV), pulse amplitude (43.7mV) and pH4.5. The analytical curve was constructed from 3.00×10-8 to 2.01×10-6molL-1, with detection and quantification limits of 5.00×10-9 and 1.70×10-8molL-1, respectively. The repeatability of the method evaluated for 10consecutive measurements at concentrations of 1.70×10-7molL-1 and 1.70×10-6molL-1, showed relative standard deviation of 3.56 and 0.57 %, respectively. The sensor based in SPCE/Gr was successfully applied in wastewater samples collected from a drinking water treatment plant and validated by comparison with HPLC-DAD method with good accuracy.

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Electroanalysis, v. 28, n. 5, p. 1085-1092, 2016.

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