Ticks on humans in an Atlantic rainforest preserved ecosystem in Brazil: Species, life stages, attachment sites, and temporal pattern of infestation

dc.contributor.authorSuzin, Adriane
dc.contributor.authorda Silva, Marina Xavier
dc.contributor.authorTognolli, Matheus Henrique
dc.contributor.authorVogliotti, Alexandre
dc.contributor.authorAdami, Samuel Fernando
dc.contributor.authorMoraes, Marcela Figuêredo Duarte [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorNunes, Pablo Henrique
dc.contributor.authorSzabó, Matias Pablo Juan
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU)
dc.contributor.institutionParque Nacional do Iguaçu
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal do Ceará
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana (UNILA)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-29T08:36:17Z
dc.date.available2022-04-29T08:36:17Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-01
dc.description.abstractWe herein describe exposure and tick attachment to researchers and field staff within the greatest preserved inland Atlantic rainforest, located in Brazil, over a non-consecutive period of five years. Overall, 433 ticks from five species were collected, Amblyomma coelebs (n = 281), Amblyomma brasiliense (n = 79), Amblyomma incisum (n = 43), Amblyomma ovale (n = 4), Haemaphysalis juxtakochi (n = 4). Clusters of larvae belonged to the genus Amblyomma (n = 21) and Haemaphysalis (n = 1). Both Haemaphysalis and Amblyomma species were observed crawling on humans but only ticks from the latter genus were found attached. Most recovered ticks (59%) were found attached and, whereas A. brasiliense was the main host-seeking tick species in the forest, A. coelebs nymphs were the ones that overwhelmingly attached to humans (70% of all attachments). At the same time only 0.4% of human bites were of A. ovale, the Rickettsia parkeri strain Atlantic rainforest vector tick in Brazil. Tick attachment sites were recorded for 132 ticks and lower/upper limbs and the trunk were more parasitized than the head/neck. Tick bites were recorded throughout the year; while larvae did not show an evident seasonal pattern, nymphs attached to humans mainly in autumn and winter and the few adult bites were recorded in spring. Our results highlighted A. coelebs nymphs as major human-biters and evidenced the necessity of studies that discern human tick bites that occur after exposure to host-seeking ticks from those that occur after tick displacement from hosts that carry ticks to human dwellings.en
dc.description.affiliationPrograma de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação de Recursos Naturais Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU), Uberlândia
dc.description.affiliationLaboratório de Ixodologia Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU)
dc.description.affiliationProjeto Carnívoros do Iguaçu Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, BR-469, Km 22.5
dc.description.affiliationPrograma de Pós-graduação em Ecologia e Recursos Naturais Centro de Ciências Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do PICI, Av. Humberto Monte, Bloco 209. S/N
dc.description.affiliationInstituto Latino-Americano de Ciências da Vida e da Natureza Universidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana (UNILA)
dc.description.affiliationFaculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Reprodução Animal Universidade Estadual Paulista – Unesp, Vias de Acesso Professor Paulo Donato Castellane, S/N, Jaboticabal
dc.description.affiliationUnespFaculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Reprodução Animal Universidade Estadual Paulista – Unesp, Vias de Acesso Professor Paulo Donato Castellane, S/N, Jaboticabal
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2021.101862
dc.identifier.citationTicks and Tick-borne Diseases, v. 13, n. 1, 2022.
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ttbdis.2021.101862
dc.identifier.issn1877-9603
dc.identifier.issn1877-959X
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85118864992
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/229863
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofTicks and Tick-borne Diseases
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectAmblyomma coelebs
dc.subjectExposure risk
dc.subjectHuman tick bites
dc.subjectIguaçu national park
dc.subjectRainforest
dc.subjectTick communities
dc.titleTicks on humans in an Atlantic rainforest preserved ecosystem in Brazil: Species, life stages, attachment sites, and temporal pattern of infestationen
dc.typeArtigo
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-8650-4565 0000-0001-8650-4565[1]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-1495-3588[2]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-3103-6300[4]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-6934-7916[5]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-8642-3968[8]

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