The effect of chain length on the melting temperature and size of dialkyldimethylammonium bromide vesicles

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Feitosa, E.
Jansson, J.
Lindman, B.

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Elsevier B.V.


Differential scanning calorimetry (DSc) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were used to obtain the gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition temperature (T-m) and the apparent hydrodynamic radius (R-h) of spontaneously formed cationic vesicles of dialkyldimethylammonium bromide salts (CnH2n+1)(2)(CH3)(2)N+center dot Br-, with varying chain lengths. The preparation of cationic vesicles from aqueous solution of these surfactants, for n = 12, 14, 16 and 18 (DDAB, DTDAB, DHDAB and DODAB, respectively), requires the knowledge of the surfactant gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition temperature, or melting temperature (T-m) since below this temperature these surfactants are poorly or not soluble in water. That series of cationic surfactants has been widely investigated as vesicle-forming surfactants, although C-12 and C-18, DDAB and DODAB are by far the most investigated from this series. The dependence of T-m of these surfactants on the number n of carbons in the surfactant tails is reported. The T-m obtained by DSC increases non-linearly with n, and the vesicle apparent radius R-h is about the same for DHDAB and DODAB, but much smaller for DDAB. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V.. All rights reserved.



dialkyldimethylammonium salts, Cationic vesicle, cationic surfactants, DODAB, DHDAB, DTDAB, DDAB, phase behavior, differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic light scattering, melting temperature, hydrodynamic radius

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Chemistry and Physics of Lipids. Clare: Elsevier B.V., v. 142, n. 1-2, p. 128-132, 2006.