Purification and biochemical characterization of an alkaline pectin lyase from Fusarium decemcellulare MTCC 2079 suitable for Crotolaria juncea fiber retting
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An extracellular pectin lyase secreted by Fusarium decemcellulare MTCC 2079 under solid state fermentation condition has been purified to electrophoretic homogeniety by using ammonium sulfate fractionation, carboxymethyl cellulose and gel filtration (Sephadex G-100) column chromatographies. The purified enzyme showed single protein band corresponding to molecular mass 45 +/- 01 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme had maximum activity at pH 9.0 and showed maximum stability in the pH range of 9.0-12.0. The optimum temperature of the purified enzyme was 50 degrees C and it showed maximum stability upto 40 degrees C. The energy of activation for the thermal denaturation (Ea) was 59.06 kJ mol(-1) K-1. The K-m and k(cat) values using citrus pectin as the substrate were 0.125mgml(-1) and 72.9 s(-1) in 100mM sodium carbonate buffer pH 9.0 at 50 degrees C. The biophysical studies on pectin lyase showed that its secondary structure belongs to alpha+beta class of protein with comparatively less of beta-sheets. Purified pectin lyase showed efficient retting of Crotolaria juncea fibers.