Spectra Measurements Using Piezoelectric Diaphragms to Detect Burn in Grinding Process
MetadataShow full item record
Researchers have evaluated a great number of monitoring techniques in order to control the surface condition of ground parts. Piezoelectric diaphragms of lead zirconate titanate are used in many fields, but these sensors are not common in the monitoring of the machining processes. This paper proposes a method for monitoring the workpiece surface condition (normal grinding and burn) by using a piezoelectric diaphragm and feature extraction techniques. A comparison is made with a conventional acoustic emission sensor, which is a traditional sensor in the monitoring of the machining processes. Grinding tests were performed in a surface-grinding machine with Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) 1045 steel and cubic boron nitride (CBN) grinding wheel, where the signals were collected at 2 MHz. The workpieces were thoroughly analyzed through visual inspection, surface roughness and hardness measurements, and metallographic analyses. Study on the frequency content of both signals was carried out in order to select bands closely related to the workpiece surface condition. Digital filters were applied to the raw signals and features were extracted and analyzed. The root mean square values filtered in the selected bands for both sensors presented a better fitting to the linear regression, which is highly desirable for setting a threshold to detect burn and implementing into a monitoring system. Also, the basic damage index results show an excellent behavior for grinding burn monitoring for both sensors. The method was verified by using a different grinding wheel, which clearly shows its effectiveness and demonstrates the potential use of the low-cost piezoelectric diaphragm for grinding burn monitoring.
How to cite this document
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]