Exploring the Moon gravity to escape from the Earth–Moon system
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Escape trajectories from the Earth–Moon system can be obtained through a single gravity assist maneuver of a spacecraft with the Moon. This paper presents a semi-analytical study of variations in the semi-major axis and the eccentricity of a spacecraft for a geocentric frame—before and after a close encounter of the spacecraft with the Moon. Studies on the swing-by dynamics between a spacecraft and the Moon were performed in order to establish a set of initial conditions in terms of eccentricities and semi-major axes of geocentric initial orbits. This way, it was possible identify which orbits, launched from Earth parking orbits, accomplish swing-bys with the Moon and generate escape trajectories.