Sensoriamento remoto aplicado ao monitoramento de macrófitas aquáticas no reservatório de barra Bonita, SP
Título alternativoRemote sensing applied to the monitoring of aquatic macrophytes at barra bonita reservoir, sp
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Aquatic macrophytes are photosynthetic organisms, large enough to be seen with naked eye, which grow submerged, floating or on the surface of the water. The anthropic action in the damming of water bodies has caused eutrophication of water resources, and among the imbalances that this action generates in the aquatic environment is the high proliferation of macrophytes. Due to this fact, this research was developed with the aim of estimating the area occupied by aquatic macrophytes in the reservoir of Barra Bonita Hydroelectric Power Plant (SP), in the years of 2013, 2014 and 2015. The study was carried out in the dry season (August), through the use of NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and supervised classification MAXVER (Maximum Likelihood). To obtain the maps and graphs, the following actions were taken: selection of LANDSAT-8/ OLI satellite images, radiometric calibration, atmospheric correction, reprojection, boundary definition, NDVI and supervised classification. The maps obtained through supervised classification, aided by NDVI maps, pointed to an increase of approximately 50% in the area occupied by aquatic macrophytes from 2013 to 2015.