Role of TLR2 and TLR4 in Human Neutrophil Functions Against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
MetadataShow full item record
In paracoccidioidomycosis, a systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb), studies have focused on the role of neutrophils that are involved in primary response to the fungus. Neutrophil functions are regulated by pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The molecular mechanisms involved in this process are not fully understood, but there are strong evidences about the involvement of toll-like receptors (TLR). We aimed at evaluating TLR2 and TLR4 expression on human neutrophils activated with GM-CSF, IL-15, TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma and challenged with a virulent strain of P. brasiliensis (Pb18). Moreover, we asked if these receptors have a role on fungicidal activity, H(2)O(2) and IL-6, IL-8, TNF-alpha and IL-10 production by activated and challenged cells. All cytokines increased TLR2 and TLR4 expression. Pb18 also increased TLR2 expression inducing an additional effect to that of cytokines. on the contrary, it inhibited TLR4 expression. All cytokines increased neutrophil fungicidal activity and H(2)O(2) production, but this process was not associated with TLR2 or TLR4. Neutrophils activation with GM-CSF and TNF-alpha resulted in a significative increase in IL-8 production, while IL-15 and IFN-gamma have no effect. Pb18 alone also increased IL-8 production. None of the cytokines activated neutrophils for IL-10 release. This cytokine was only detected after Pb18 challenge. Interestingly, IL-8 and IL-10 production involved TLR2 and mainly TLR4 modulation. Our data suggest that Pb18 uses TLR4 to gain access to human neutrophils. This interaction results in IL-8 and IL-10 production that may be considered as a pathogenic mechanism in paracoccidioidomycosis.
How to cite this document
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]