Emotional aspects and self-care of patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Renal Replacement Therapy
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Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered to be an important public health problem, both due to the number of people affected, the disabilities and mortality, and the costs involved in controlling and treating its complications. Objective: To evaluate the emotional aspects and self-care of patients with T2DM undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and to correlate these variables with the time of dialysis and the time of diagnosis of DM. Method: Individuals over 40 years of age, with Type 2 DM in HD for at least 3 months at the State Hospital of Bauru. Sociodemographic information was collected, and the participants answered the B-PAID questionnaires (perspective of the impact of DM on quality of life and emotional aspects) and the QAD (self-care). The data were presented descriptively and used Spearman's Correlation and the Chi-square Association Test (p <0.05). Results: Fifty-four individuals, aged 62 ± 9 years, predominance of white skin color and incomplete elementary school were studied. In the B-PAID the mean score was 23 (7-43) points, demonstrating low emotional distress, and in the QAD the lowest adherence was in the Physical Activity domain and greater Foot care and medication use. There was a positive correlation between DM time and HD time (p = 0.04, r = 0.27) and association between heart disease and B-PAID (p = 0.02). Conclusion: The individuals studied presented low emotional distress, good foot care and those with a lower incidence of heart disease suffer less from DM.