Classical, fuzzy, hesitant fuzzy and intuitionistic fuzzy analytic hierarchy processes applied to industrial maintenance management
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A multi-criteria problem involves the consideration of two or more criteria in the prioritization of alternative solutions. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a leading multi-criteria method. Consistency checking is a great advantage of AHP. Since in AHP priorities come from pairwise comparisons, it is possible to check the consistency of these comparisons. However, a problem occurs when comparisons fail the consistency check. Then, the excluding options are to review some comparisons (Option 1) or to keep the comparisons (Option 2). This paper presents an AHP application in the maintenance management of an industrial plant. Industrial maintenance is not in the core business of an organization. However, maintenance costs can account over 50% of production costs. One of the first maintenance management decisions is on the maintenance strategy. Shall maintenance anticipate the occurrence of failure? Or shall maintenance be performed after an equipment breakdown? Answering those questions with classical AHP resulted in inconsistent comparison matrices. In that case, Fuzzy AHP (FAHP) were applied, avoiding this situation. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to present the applications of four AHP models: Classical AHP and three models of FAHP, including hesitant fuzzy sets and intuitionistic fuzzy sets. The application of Hesitant FAHP (HFAHP) and Intuitionistic FAHP (IFAHP) are the novelty of this paper. The four AHP models were also applied in the same case of maintenance management of an industrial plant. Results were very similar, but experts could express their preferred model.
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