PH and Charged Mutations Modulate Cold Shock Protein Folding and Stability: A Constant pH Monte Carlo Study
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The folding and stability of proteins is a fundamental problem in several research fields. In the present paper, we have used different computational approaches to study the effects caused by changes in pH and for charged mutations in cold shock proteins from Bacillus subtilis (Bs-CspB). First, we have investigated the contribution of each ionizable residue for these proteins to their thermal stability using the TKSA-MC, a Web server for rational mutation via optimizing the protein charge interactions. Based on these results, we have proposed a new mutation in an already optimized Bs-CspB variant. We have evaluated the effects of this new mutation in the folding energy landscape using structure-based models in Monte Carlo simulation at constant pH, SBM-CpHMC. Our results using this approach have indicated that the charge rearrangements already in the unfolded state are critical to the thermal stability of Bs-CspB. Furthermore, the conjunction of these simplified methods was able not only to predict stabilizing mutations in different pHs but also to provide essential information about their effects in each stage of protein folding.
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