Successful production of solution blow spun YBCO+Ag complex ceramics
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YBCO fabrics composed of nanowires, produced by solution blow spinning (SBS) are so brittle that the Lorentz force produced by induced currents can be strong enough to damage them. On the other hand, it is known that silver addition improves the mechanical and flux pinning properties of ceramic superconductors. Thus, in this work, we show how we successfully obtained a polymeric precursor solution containing YBCO+Ag salts, which can be spun by the SBS route to produce ceramic samples. Yttrium, barium, copper, and silver metal acetates, and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) (in a ratio of 5:1 wt [PVP:acetates]) were dissolved in a solution with 61.5 wt% of methanol, 12 wt% of propionic acid, and 26.5 wt% of ammonium hydroxide, together with 6 wt% of PVP in solution. Three different amounts of silver (10 wt%, 20 wt%, and 30 wt%) were used in YBa2Cu3O7−x. The TGA characterizations revealed a lowering of crystallization and partial melting temperatures by about 30 °C. SEM images show that after burning out the polymer, a fabric composed of nanowires of diameters up to 380 nm is produced. However, after the sintering process at 925 °C for 1 h, the nanowires shrink into a porous-like sample.