Production and characterization of a milk-clotting protease in the crude enzymatic extract from the newly isolated Thermomucor indicae-seudaticae N31 (Milk-clotting protease from the newly isolated Thermomucor indicae-seudaticae N31)
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Microbial rennet-like milk-clotting enzymes are aspartic proteinases that catalyze milk coagulation. substituting calf rennet. Crude enzymatic extract produced by the thermophilic fungus, Thermomucor indicae-seudaticae N31, on solid state fermentation (SSF) using wheat bran, exhibited high milk-clotting activity and low proteolytic activity after 24 h of fermentation. Highest milk-clotting activity (MCA) was at pH 5.7, at 70 degrees C and in 0.04 M CaCl(2); it was stable in the pH range 3.5-4.5 for 24 h and up to 45 degrees C for 1 h. MCA was highly inhibited by pepstatin A. Hydrolytic activity profile of the crude enzymatic extract on whole bovine casein, analyzed by gel electrophoresis (Urea-PAGE) and RP-HPLC revealed low proteolytic action towards casein fractions and a peptide profile similar to the one obtained with commercial Rhizomucor miehei protease (Hannilase). (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.