Thermal efficiency of metal foams on pool boiling
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This paper presents an experimental work on pool boiling using HFE-7100 at saturated conditions, under atmospheric pressure, and copper and nickel foams as the heating surface with four different thicknesses varying between 0.5 mm and 3 mm, followed by an analysis of the effect of foam fin-efficiency based on Ghosh model. All foams showed a better heat transfer coefficient (HTC) than the plain surface; however, as the heat flux increased, the HTC from the thicker nickel foams decreased due to the bubble vapor flow inside the foam. On the other hand, the thinner nickel foam showed better HTC at high heat fluxes with a maximum enhancement of 120%. The foam efficiency presented a similar tendency with the HTC, i.e., as the thickness decreases the efficiency increases; however, as compared with copper foams with a similar area but different porous diameter, the copper foams are 40% more efficient than the nickel ones due to the foam material, which has a thermal conductivity 4.5 times higher.