Polimorfismo nos genes metilenotetrahidrofolato redutase e cistationina-beta-sintase e a sua relação com eventos vaso-oclusivos na doença falciforme
Título alternativoPolymorphism of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase and cystathionine-beta-synthase genes and their relationship to vaso-occlusive events in sickle cell disease
Data de publicação2009-07-01
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Sickle cell disease is an inflammatory condition with a pathophysiology that involves vaso-occlusive episodes. Mutations of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) genes are risk factors for vascular disease. Due to the importance of identifying risk factors for vaso-occlusive events in sickle cell patients, we investigated the frequencies of the C677T and 844ins68 mutations of the MTHFR and CBS genes, respectively. Three hundred patients with Hb SS, HB SC and HbS/Beta thalassemia, from Brasília, Goiânia, Rio de Janeiro, São Jose do Rio Preto and São Paulo were evaluated. Samples of 5 mL of venous blood were collected in EDTA after informed consent was received from patients. Classical diagnostic methods were used to confirm the hemoglobin phenotypes. The hemoglobin genotypes and polymorphisms studied were evaluated by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism and Allele Specific amplification. The results showed that 93 patients (31.00%) were heterozygous and 13 (4.33%) homozygous for the C677T mutation and 90 were heterozygotes (30.00%) and 8 homozygous (2.66%) for the 844ins68 mutation, both with significant differences for genotype frequency between the localities. The allelic frequencies are in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for both polymorphisms. The frequency of mutations was significant and the presence of related vaso-occlusive events was more common in patients with Hb SS (p = 0007). The 844ins68 mutation was approximately three times more frequent in patients with vaso-occlusive complications (p = 0011). The C677T mutation did not prove to be associated with risk of vaso-occlusive events (p = 0.193). A C677T-844ins68 interaction occurred in 12.08% of the patients, doubling the risk of vaso-occlusive manifestations. The frequencies of the polymorphisms are consistent with those expected in the Brazilian population. The presence of the 844ins68 mutation of the CBS gene proved to be a potential risk factor for vaso-occlusive events in sickle cell patients.