Structural and functional studies with mytoxin II from Bothrops moojeni reveal remarkable similarities and differences compared to other catalytically inactive phospholipases A2-like
MetadataShow full item record
Lys49-phospholipases A2 (Lys49-PLA2s) are proteins found in bothropic snake venoms (Viperidae family) and belong to a class of proteins which presents a phospholipase A2 scaffold but are catalytically inactive. These proteins (also known as PLA2s-like toxins) exert a pronounced local myotoxic effect and are not neutralized by antivenom, being their study relevant in terms of medical and scientific interest. Despite of the several studies reported in the literature for this class of proteins only a partial consensus has been achieved concerning their functional-structural relationships. In this work, we present a comprehensive structural and functional study with the MjTX-II, a dimeric Lys49-PLA2 from Bothrops moojeni venom which includes: (i) high-resolution crystal structure; (ii) dynamic light scattering and bioinformatics studies in order to confirm its biological assembly; (iii) myographic and electrophysiological studies and, (iv) comparative studies with other Lys49-PLA2s. These comparative analyses let us to get important insights into the role of Lys122 amino acid, previously indicated as responsible for Lys49-PLA2s catalytic inactivity and added important elements to establish the correct biological assembly for this class of proteins. Furthermore, we show two unique sequential features of MjTX-II (an amino acid insertion and a mutation) in comparison to all bothropic Lys49-PLA2s that lead to a distinct way of ligand binding at the toxin's hydrophobic channel and also, allowed the presence of an additional ligand molecule in this region. These facts suggest a possible particular mode of binding for long-chain ligands that interacts with MjTX-II hydrophobic channel, a feature that may directly affect the design of structure-based ligands for Lys49-PLA2s. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
How to cite this document
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]