3-D reconstruction by extended depth-of-field in failure analysis - Case study I: Qualitative fractographic investigation of fractured bolts in a partial valve
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Extended depth-of-field 3-D reconstruction is an image processing based technique associated to optical microscopy for qualitative or quantitative analysis of surfaces topographies. It is proposed here as a low-cost alternative to scanning electron microscopy or confocal laser scanning microscopy methods in some cases in failure analysis. A case study of fractured bolts in a partial valve from a petrochemical plant is presented in this paper to illustrate a qualitative fractographic investigation using this technique. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.