Different stress biomarkers sensitivity during acute treadmill running exercise in rats

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The level of stress during acute or chronic exercise is important since higher levels of stress may impair homeostasis. The adrenal gland is an essential stress-responsive organ involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The aim of the study was to analyze the sensitivity of different stress biomarkers of the adrenal gland during acute treadmill running at different intensities. Adult rats performed three 25 min running tests at velocities of 15, 20 and 25 m/min, for determination of maximum lactate steady state (MLSS). After obtaining individual MLSS animals were assigned to two groups: M, sacrificed after 25 minutes of exercise at MLSS, and AM, sacrificed after exercise at 25% above MLSS. For comparison, a control group C was sacrificed at rest. Blood corticosterone concentrations, as well, adrenal gland cholesterol and ascorbic acid concentrations were used as biomarkers. Serum corticosterone concentrations were higher after exercise in both M (1802,74±700,42) and AM (2027,96±724,94) groups when compared C group (467,11±262,12), but were not different as a function of exercise intensity. No difference in adrenal ascorbic acid (M=2,37±0,66; AM=2,11±0,50 and C=2,54±0,53) and cholesterol (M=1,04±0,12; AM=0,91±0,31 and C=1,15±0,40) levels were observed when the three groups were compared. Serum corticosterone concentrations showed to be sensitive to acute treadmill exercise intensity. On the other hand, ascorbic acid and cholesterol concentrations in adrenal were biomarkers not adequate to evaluate exercise stress in rats.




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Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, v. 11, n. 1, p. 18-27, 2008.