Marine contamination and cytogenotoxic effects of fluoxetine in the tropical brown mussel Perna perna


Concerns are growing about the presence of fluoxetine (FLX) in environmental matrices, as well as its harmful effects on non-target organisms. FLX in aquatic ecosystems has been detected in a range varying from pg/L to ng/L, while adverse effects have been reported in several organisms inhabiting freshwater and marine environments. The present study quantifies FLX concentrations in seawater samples from Santos Bay, Brazil and assesses metabolic responses and sublethal effects on the tropical brown mussel Perna pema. Levels of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase, dibenzylfluorescein dealkylase, glutathione S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase, cholinesterase, lipoperoxidation, and DNA damage were assessed in the gills and digestive gland of these animals, and lysosomal membrane stability was also assessed in hemocytes. FLX altered phase I and II enzyme activities, caused cytogenotoxic effects, and negatively impacted the overall health of mussels exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations. These findings contribute to characterize the risks of introducing this drug into the marine environment.



Antidepressants, Contaminants of emerging concern, Tropical ecotoxicology, Bivalves, Brazil

Como citar

Marine Pollution Bulletin. Oxford: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 141, p. 366-372, 2019.