Current outlook and future perspectives of beef production in Brazil

dc.contributor.authorMillen, Danilo Domingues [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorPacheco, Rodrigo Dias Lauritano [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Paula M.
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Paulo Henrique Mazza
dc.contributor.authorArrigoni, Mário de Beni [UNESP]
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE)
dc.contributor.institutionUnivesidade de São Paulo
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-01T18:43:58Z
dc.date.available2016-04-01T18:43:58Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.description.abstractBrazil is the world's largest beef exporter with the world's largest commercial cattle herd; however, the production cycle needs to be more efficient to supply internal and external demands in the future. Feedlot operations are currently a reality for the Brazilian beef cattle industry; nonetheless the beef cattle industry in Brazil is still based on grass-fed animals in which the Nellore breed predominates. At some point this constitutes an important advantage for Brazilian beef exportations because some countries look for “natural beef.” Brazilian packing plants regulate the use of antibiotics, especially ionophores used as growth promoters, on farms certified to export beef to European countries. In addition, the use of any implant or beta-agonist for cattle is forbidden in Brazil. From 1970 to 2006, the Brazilian bovine herd increased at 2.04%/year, total pasture at 0.07%/year, area with cultivated pasture at 3.5%/year, and ratio of animals/hectare of total pasture at 1.97%/year, whereas the area with natural pasture decreased at 2.26%/year. These trends alleviate some of the pressure on Brazilian authorities with respect to deforestation of the Amazon forest. Although Brazil had the greatest growth rate of enteric methane emissions, it also had the greatest growth rate of beef production, resulting in Brazil having a negative growth rate (–1.82%/year) of methane emissions per unit of product (kilogram of methane/kilogram of beef).en
dc.description.affiliationUniversidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Departamento de Melhoramento e Nutrição Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia de Botucatu, Botucatu, Caixa Postal 560, CEP 18618-000, SP, Brasil
dc.description.affiliationBrazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil 13630-095
dc.description.affiliationDepartment of Animal Nutrition and Production, University of São Paulo (USP), Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil 13635-900
dc.description.affiliationUnespUniversidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Departamento de Melhoramento e Nutrição Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia de Botucatu, Botucatu, Caixa Postal 560, CEP 18618-000, SP, Brasil
dc.format.extent46-52
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2527/af.2011-0017
dc.identifier.citationAnimal Frontiers: the review magazine of animal agriculture, v. 1, n. 2, p. 46-52, 2011.
dc.identifier.doi10.2527/af.2011-0017
dc.identifier.issn2160-6056
dc.identifier.lattes0555360557852992
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/137055
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofAnimal Frontiers: the review magazine of animal agriculture
dc.rights.accessRightsAcesso restrito
dc.sourceCurrículo Lattes
dc.titleCurrent outlook and future perspectives of beef production in Brazilen
dc.typeArtigo
unesp.author.lattes0555360557852992
unesp.author.orcid0000-0003-3224-1688[5]
unesp.campusUniversidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp), Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatupt
unesp.departmentMelhoramento e Nutrição Animalpt

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