PATTERNS OF COLONIZATION AND INCIPIENT NEST SURVIVAL IN ACROMYRMEX-NIGER AND ACROMYRMEX-BALZANI (HYMENOPTERA, FORMICIDAE)

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1992-01-01

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Birkhauser Verlag Ag

Resumo

Patterns of colonization by queens and incipient nest survival of the leaf-cutting ants Acromyrmex niger and Acromyrmex balzani were studied by means of belt transects and individually marked incipient nests. No relation was found between colony density and the number of colonization attempts. Both species are not claustral, and high rates of queen mortality were attributed to conspecific executions and predation. of other discernable mortality factors, failure of fungal garden establishment was the most important. Only 34 of 296 A. balzani and 13 of 154 A. niger marked colonies were alive at the end of one year. These figures are higher than those reported for species of Atta. These results are contrasted with those of claustral-founding Atta species. Small colonies are occasionally raided by larger colonies which robbed brood.

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COLONIZATION, SURVIVORSHIP, BRAZIL, ACROMYRMEX

Como citar

Insectes Sociaux. Basel: Birkhauser Verlag Ag, v. 39, n. 3, p. 347-350, 1992.