Seed structure and in vitro seedling development of certain Laeliinae species (Orchidaceae)

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2016-03-01

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Inst Biologia, Univ Nacional Autonoma Mexico

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Seeds and seedlings of neotropical Laeliinae species (Cattleya loddigesii, Cattleya tigrina, Hadrolaelia purpurata, Laelia anceps, Schomburgkia gloriosa, and Sophronitis cernua) were studied. The seed germination process and the seedling grown in vitro are described. Seeds of the studied species are unitegmic and have conspicuous thickening in the anticlinal and inner periclinal cell walls. The embryo consists of a relatively long and multicellular suspensor. At first stage of seedling development, the embryo differentiates into a protocorm with rhizoids and meristematic tissue. The budding occurs on the protocorms. The endogenous taproot is produced after the first leaves have emerged. The root is triarch or tetrarch and it possesses velamen. Structural characters related to seed coat, suspensor, ontogeny of leaves, and vascular system of the root are significant indicators for the separation of Laeliinae species. All Rights Reserved (C) 2016 Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Biologia. This is an open access item distributed under the Creative Commons CC License BY-NC-ND 4.0.

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Revista Mexicana De Biodiversidad. Mexico: Inst Biologia, Univ Nacional Autonoma Mexico, v. 87, n. 1, p. 68-73, 2016.

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