Synthesis of acicular α-Bi2O3 microcrystals by microwave-assisted hydrothermal method

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2019-11-17

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Materials based on bismuth(III) oxide are candidate to be used in optical and electronic devices because of their properties such as a variable band gap, photoconductivity, photoluminescence, high refractive index, and dielectric permittivity. These properties are dependent of several factors, e.g., present phases and crystal morphology. The microwave-assisted hydrothermal method (MAH) is a fast and efficient approach of synthesis to obtain semiconductor powders. However, the synthesis of monoclinic bismuth oxide (α-Bi2O3) with acicular morphology by MAH was not found in literature. In this paper, microcrystals of acicular α-Bi2O3 (monophasic) were successfully obtained by MAH using a synthesis temperature of 80°C for 0.5 h. X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopies showed the formation of a monoclinic structure (space group P21/c) with acicular morphology that grew along the [001] direction. The temperature and time necessary to synthetize acicular microcrystals were significantly lower than those found for acicular microcrystals obtained by conventional hydrothermal method.

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Bismuth(III) oxide microcrystal, crystal growth, hydrothermal method, microwave processing, powders: chemical preparation

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Particulate Science and Technology, v. 37, n. 8, p. 923-927, 2019.