MORPHOLOGY OF THE ADRENAL GLANDS OF GIANT ANTEATER (Myrmecophaga tridactyla, LINNAEUS, 1758) OF WILD LIFE

dc.contributor.authorSantos, Amilton Cesar dos
dc.contributor.authorViana, Diego Carvalho
dc.contributor.authorLeandro, Rafael Magdanelo
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Rosangela Felipe [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorAssis-Neto, Antonio Chaves de
dc.contributor.authorFerraz de Melo, Alan Peres [UNESP]
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-26T15:37:45Z
dc.date.available2018-11-26T15:37:45Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-01
dc.description.abstractThe Myrmecophaga tridactyla (family Pilosa), popularly known in Brazil as the giant anteater is classified as an endangered species by the main survey agencies of biodiversity preservation around the world. The adrenal glands are important organs, which are related to homeostasis of the animal. This study aimed to describe the morphology of the adrenal glands of M. tridactyla, providing data for future studies related to the production of steroid hormones in specimens exposed to different stress factors. The adrenal glands of 14 specimens were used. The glands were measured, photodocumented and described by light microscopy. The adrenals were positioned in the cranial extremity of the kidneys (left and right) and related medially to the caudal vena cava. The right adrenal gland had an elongated shape while the left adrenal gland had pyramidal or triangular shape. The weight was 4.765 +/- 0.129g for the right adrenal and 3.975 +/- 0.213g for the left adrenal. The length was 4.50 +/- 0.14cm for the right adrenal and 4.28 +/- 0.11cm for the left adrenal. The width was 2.60 +/- 0.13cm for the right adrenal and 2.37 +/- 0.12cm for the left adrenal. The thickness was 0.45 +/- 0.11cm for the right adrenal and 0.68 +/- 0.14cm for the left adrenal. Statistical differences (p<0.05) between right and left adrenals for all values analyzed were observed. Microscopically it was observed a capsule composed by modeled dense connective tissue lining the organ. Below this capsule, from the outermost to the innermost layer, it was observed a cortical region divided into glomerular, fasciculata and reticular zones with a medullar region occupying the center of the organ. Further studies related to steroidogenesis with specimens collected at different periods of the year are necessary, aiming to observe if there are morphological or hormonal variations in the adrenal glands due to seasonal periods. This information would be of great importance because it could reflect the behavioral habits of this species.en
dc.description.affiliationUniv Sao Paulo, Fac Med & Vet Zootecnia, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUniv Estadual Paulista UNESP, Fac Engn, Campus Ilha Solteira, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnespUniv Estadual Paulista UNESP, Fac Engn, Campus Ilha Solteira, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
dc.description.sponsorshipFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
dc.format.extent1559-1566
dc.identifier.citationBioscience Journal. Uberlandia: Univ Federal Uberlandia, v. 32, n. 6, p. 1559-1566, 2016.
dc.identifier.issn1981-3163
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/159276
dc.identifier.wosWOS:000391128700014
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherUniv Federal Uberlandia
dc.relation.ispartofBioscience Journal
dc.rights.accessRightsAcesso restrito
dc.sourceWeb of Science
dc.subjectEndangered species
dc.subjectFasciculata zone
dc.subjectGlomerular zone
dc.subjectReticular zone
dc.titleMORPHOLOGY OF THE ADRENAL GLANDS OF GIANT ANTEATER (Myrmecophaga tridactyla, LINNAEUS, 1758) OF WILD LIFEen
dc.typeArtigo
dcterms.rightsHolderUniv Federal Uberlandia

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