Synthesis, thermoanalytical, spectroscopic study and pyrolysis of solid rare earth complexes (Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy) with p-aminobenzoic acid


Synthesis, thermoanalytical, spectroscopic study and pyrolysis of some solid-state rare earth complexes with p-aminobenzoic acid (Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy) were performed. All the synthesized complexes were obtained as monohydrated state and the thermal decomposition in dynamic dry air atmosphere occurs in two, three or four steps with the formation of the respective oxides, Tb4O7 and Ln2O3 (Ln = Eu, Gd and Dy). In dynamic dry nitrogen atmosphere, the thermal decomposition occurs in three or four consecutive and/or overlapping steps and the mass loss are still being observed up to 1000 °C. The DSC curves in nitrogen atmosphere show that all complexes presented a reversible phase transition. EGA results permitted to identify the gaseous products released during pyrolysis and thermal oxidation of the complexes. The spectroscopic study provided information about vibrational and electronic transitions of the complexes. Middle and near infrared region provided information about the vibrational modes and the ligand's denticity in these complexes. Moreover, near infrared spectra together with ultraviolet and visible spectra (diffuse reflectance) provided information regarding the 4f-4f transitions of the rare earth ions. The arithmetic difference between the diffuse reflectance spectra in the solid state of the europium(III) and gadolinium(III) complexes reveals the presence of a ligand-to-metal (O2- → Eu3+) charge transfer (LMCT) in the 305-470 nm range.



Evolved gases, Pyrolysis, Rare earth complexes, Spectroscopy, Thermal behavior

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Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, v. 121, p. 267-274.