Insights of the life history in the porcellanid crab Petrolisthes armatus (Gibbes, 1850) (Crustacea: Anomura: Porcellanidae) from the Southwestern Atlantic coast
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Pinheiro, Marcelo Antonio Amaro [UNESP]
João, Marcio Camargo Araujo [UNESP]
Leme, Maria Helena Arruda
Matsunaga, Akeme Milena Ferreira [UNESP]
Rio, Juliana Priscila Piva [UNESP]
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Petrolisthes armatus (Gibbes, 1850) life history was evaluated based on growth and reproduction. Specimens were captured at Ubatuba (Brazil), identified, sexed and measured: carapace (CL, length; CW, width), larger cheliped propodus (PL, length; PW, width; and PH, height), and 2th and 5th abdominal somite (AW2 and AW5, width). Relative growth was studied using CL as independent variable and its relation with other variables (dependents), to estimate puberty size and morphological maturity. Fecundity was represented by number of eggs vs. body size CL, with a better fit using a power function. Considering the 257 specimens analyzed, males were larger than females, and the overall sex ratio was 1:1, with some differences among size classes. Maturity (puberty size) was revealed by: AW2 × CL (males: 8.6 mm CL; females: 7.6 mm CL); and AW5 × CL (7.1 and 7.6 mm CL, respectively). Reproduction was continuous, but more intense in rainy season and recruitment occurring in dry season. Fecundity of this species was 228 ± 163 eggs, with better fit by a power function (R2 = 0.72). Maturity size and growth differed when a pristine area (Ubatuba) was compared with a polluted area (São Sebastião), in the same Brazilian area (São Paulo State).
Fecundity, maturity, population biology, relative growth, reproduction
Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, v. 61, n. 2, p. 78-89, 2017.