Effect of fiber orientation on the shear behavior of glass fiber/epoxy composites

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Elsevier B.V.


This paper deals with the study of the influence of the lay-up configuration on interlaminar and in-plane shear properties of glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites. The following laminates were produced by resin transfer molding with vacuum assistance for this study: [0](5), [90](5), [0/90/0/90/0] and randomly oriented (mat). The composites, with similar overall fiber volume fraction, were evaluated based on four tests: double-notched shear, short beam shear, V-notched rail and Iosipescu shear tests. Besides, the dynamic shear modulus was measured with non-destructive testing based on free vibration method. The [0](5) laminate presented interlaminar shear strength almost twice that of [90](5), whereas the mat samples presented higher in-plane shear strength in both tests used due to its random fiber orientation. The dynamic shear modulus was higher for the composites [0](5), as expected due to the longitudinally oriented fibers. Among the shear test methods applied, double-notched and V-notched methods exhibited more auspicious features, possibly due to a more uniform shear stress state during testing. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



In-plane shear, Interlaminar shear, Non-destructive testing, Laminate, Fabric, Failure mode

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Materials & Design. Oxford: Elsevier Sci Ltd, v. 65, p. 789-795, 2015.