Paramagnetic Meissner Effect and Current Flow in YBCO Nanofiber Mats

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2021-08-01

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Microstructural and magnetic characterizations of YBa2Cu3O7-δ nanowire fabric-like samples were performed. Fabric-like ceramic superconductors are nanoporous materials and can be applied, e.g., in magnetic shielding, since the porous morphology makes them extremely light-weight and effectively to be cooled. The samples were produced by the solution blow spinning (SBS) technique, starting from a sol-gel solution of the precursor materials in polyvinyl-alcohol. The morphology of the samples was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction with the aim to analyze the possible current paths. The magnetic hysteresis loops revealed typical polycrystalline behavior, and field-cooling in various small applied fields shows the presence of the paramagnetic Meissner effect (PME), but in a distinctly different way as compared to melt-texured Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ or Nb.

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microstructure, nanowires, paramagnetic Meissner effect, YBCO

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IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, v. 31, n. 5, 2021.