Genomic prediction in Brazilian Guzerá cattle: application of a single-step approach to productive and reproductive traits


This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of genomic prediction for productive and reproductive traits in Guzerá cattle using single-step genomic best linear unbiased prediction (ssGBLUP). Evaluations included the 305-day cumulative yields (first lactation, in kg) of milk, lactose, protein, fat, and total solids; adjusted body weight (kg) at the ages of 450, 365, and 210 days; and age at first calving (in days), from a database containing 197,283 measurements from Guzerá males and females born between 1954 and 2018. The pedigree included 433,823 animals spanning up to 14 overlapping generations. A total of 1618 animals were genotyped. The analyses were performed using ssGBLUP and traditional BLUP methods. Predictive ability and bias were accessed using cross-validation: predictive ability was similar between the methods and ranged from 0.27 to 0.47 for the genomic-based model and from 0.30 to 0.45 for the pedigree-based model; the bias was also similar between the methods, ranging from 0.88 to 1.35 in the genomic-based model and from 0.96 to 1.41 in the pedigree-based model. The individual accuracies of breeding values were evidently increased in the genomic evaluation, with values ranging from 0.41 to 0.56 in the genomic-based model and from 0.26 to 0.54 in the pedigree-based model. Even based on a small number of genotyped animals and a small database for some traits, the results suggest that ssGBLUP is feasible and may be applied to national genetic evaluation of the breed to increase the accuracy of breeding values without greatly impacting predictive ability and bias.



Brazilian Guzerá cattle, Productive and reproductive traits, Single-step approach

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Tropical Animal Health and Production, v. 55, n. 1, 2023.